My inspiration for this project was the classic novel by Jane Austen, Pride & Prejudice. I decided to make word clouds from the chapters and the entire novel because it would not only give me insight into some of the more salient ideas from the novel, but also because it would have a big visual impact that would be easy to read and interpret. I used the website Taxgedo to create word clouds of the most used words in various chapter sections. For the word "Pride," I divided the first 25 chapters into 5-chapter sections to make word clouds for each letter. For the word "Prejudice" I divided the last 36 chapters into 4-chapter sections to make word clouds for each letter. The ampersand is a word cloud made up of the most used words in the entire novel. I used Taxgedo's "remove common words" option, the "combine related words" option, the "combine identical words" option, and I did not allow repeated words. I used these options so that I could create a better representation of the words most used throughout the novel.

In order to create the letter shapes, I used Word to make a WordArt picture of each letter, saved these letters as picture files, and uploaded them to Taxgedo so that I could create the shapes I wanted. Each image on this page is a link to a larger image. Although each letter (and thus each chapter section) has different word frequencies, there are commonalities between all of them. For example, names were very often the words with the highest frequency. This is not surprising as this novel has a particular emphasis on characters and their relationships with other characters. Other common words include: "know," "love," "happiness," "thought," "feelings," and "marriage." In terms of the plot of the book, these words are not unexpected. Much of the novel is concerned with the marriage, love, and happiness of the main characters. At the same time, the main characters emphasize the importance of knowledge and thinking. Eventually, however, they realize that not everything can be rationalized; sometimes, it is just a feeling.

The title Pride & Prejudice represents the faults of the two main characters, Elizabeth Bennet ("Prejudice") and Fitzwilliam Darcy ("Pride"). In order to symbolize this, I used different color schemes for the two words. I used four shades of blue to represent Darcy and four shades of green to represent Elizabeth. These are two distinct colors (as Darcy and Elizabeth initially believe they are two very different people), but they are fairly close on the color wheel, and thus not actually that different (Elizabeth and Darcy realize at the end of the novel that they are really not that dissimilar). I also wanted to represent their union at the end of the novel. I did this through the use of the ampersand. It made more sense to me to use a single character symbol instead of a multi-character word ("and") in order to symbolize the union between Elizabeth and Darcy. Thus, the ampersand word cloud was created from the entire novel, and I used two of the colors I had used for each of the title words ("Pride" and "Prejudice") to represent how Elizabeth and Darcy eventually join together.

The text for this project was taken from Project Gutenberg, which provides public domain literature electronically.



Chapters 1-5:
In these chapters the reader is introduced
to the Bennet family: Mr. Bennet, Mrs. Bennet, Jane, Elizabeth, Mary, Kitty, and Lydia. A wealthy new man named Mr. Bingley has just moved into their neighborhood. Mrs. Bennet is convinced that Mr. Bingley will marry one of her daughters. The Bennets meet Mr. Bingley, his two sisters, his brother-in-law, and his good friend Mr. Darcy at a ball. Although Jane is very impressed with Mr. Bingley, Elizabeth develops an immediate dislike of
Mr. Darcy.


Chapters 6-10:
Mr. Bingley and Jane spend more time together, and Elizabeth believes her sister has fallen in love with him. Elizabeth's friend, Charlotte Lucas, believes that if Jane is in love with Mr. Bingley, she should show it more clearly; otherwise she may lose him. Mr. Darcy tells Caroline Bingley that he is interested in Elizabeth. After Jane pays a visit to the Bingleys at Netherfield, she falls ill and must stay there. Elizabeth shortly joins her and spends her time getting to know the Bingleys and Mr. Darcy. Although she likes Mr. Bingley, the visit only strengthens her unfavorable opinion of his sisters and Mr. Darcy.

Chapters 11-15:
Jane and Elizabeth leave Netherfield and return home. They discover that Mr. Collins, a distant cousin of Mr. Bennet, and the man who is set to inherit everything, is visiting. He is a pastor under the patronage of Lady Catherine de Bourgh. The family does not like him, but because he is looking for a wife, Mrs. Bennet tells him that although Jane will soon be engaged, Elizabeth is available. The sisters then meet Wickham, a soldier who is stationed with the militia in town. After a chance encounter with Mr. Bingley and Mr. Darcy, Elizabeth notices that Mr. Darcy and Wickham treat
each other very coldly.

Chapters 16-20:
At a party thrown by the Bennets' Aunt Phillips, Wickham tells Elizabeth that Darcy's father had set aside an inheritance for Wickham to use in pursuit of the ministry, but that Darcy had kept the money for himself after his father died. Mr. Bingley throws a ball at Netherfield. Darcy and Elizabeth dance, but Elizabeth is very uncomfortable because of what she knows about him from Wickham. The Bennet family (except Jane and Elizabeth) act very inappropriately throughout the ball. The next morning, Mr. Collins asks Elizabeth to marry him. She rejects him, much to his surprise.

Chapters 21-25:
Jane receives a letter from Caroline Bingley that says the entire Netherfield party is returning to London and will most likely not return. Elizabeth discovers that her friend, Charlotte Lucas, has become engaged to Mr. Collins. Elizabeth is shocked. Mrs. Bennet's brother, Mr. Gardiner, and his wife come to visit. They invite Jane to come stay with them in London and she accepts.



Chapters 26-29:
Jane writes Elizabeth a letter stating that she has visited Caroline Bingley in town, but that she was very unfriendly toward Jane. Elizabeth finds out that Wickham is now pursuing Miss King, a young woman who has recently inherited a large fortune. She is not disappointed that Wickham is no longer interested in her, but rather determines that she did not love him. Elizabeth and the Lucases take a trip to visit Charlotte and Mr. Collins. There, they dine with his patron, Lady Catherine de Bourgh, who criticizes everything about Elizabeth.

Chapters 30-33:
Mr. Darcy and his cousin, Colonel Fitzwilliam, visit Lady Catherine (Darcy's aunt) and have several encounters with Elizabeth. Fitzwilliam tells Elizabeth that Mr. Darcy recently saved his friend Mr. Bingley from an imprudent marriage. Elizabeth knows that he is speaking about Jane and becomes very agitated.

Chapters 34-37:
Mr. Darcy finds Elizabeth alone at the Collins' house and asks her to marry him. She refuses and tells him that she dislikes him not only because of his personality, but also because he broke up Mr. Bingley and Jane, and treated Wickham unfairly. Thus, she says that she does not think she could ever marry him. The next day, Mr. Darcy gives Elizabeth a letter in which he says that he broke up Mr. Bingley and Jane because he believed that Jane did not really love Mr. Bingley. He also says that he did give Wickham his inheritance; however, he spent all the money and came back to Mr. Darcy asking for more. When Mr. Darcy refused, Wickham tried to elope with Georgiana, Mr. Darcy's younger sister. Elizabeth becomes very confused about her feelings towards Mr. Darcy.

Chapters 38-41:
Elizabeth and Jane both return home. Elizabeth tells Jane what she has learned about Wickham, but instead of exposing him, the two decide to keep the truth between them. Lydia is invited to go to Brighton with her friends, Colonel Forester and Mrs. Forester. Mr. Bennet allows her to go, but Elizabeth is very concerned about her sister, especially considering that she will be surrounded by soldiers who will try to take advantage of her.

Chapters 42-45:
Elizabeth and the Gardiners, her aunt and uncle, decide to take a tour of Derbyshire. Although Elizabeth is excited about the trip, she is concerned about seeing Mr. Darcy, because his home, Pemberley, is in Derbyshire. After hearing that Mr. Darcy is not at home, Elizabeth agrees to take a tour of Pemberley. Mr. Darcy's servants tell the visitors that he is an extremely kind and generous master. Mr. Darcy suddenly appears and is very agreeable to Elizabeth and the Gardiners, which surprises both Elizabeth and her family. After learning that his sister and the Bingleys will soon be at Pemberley, Elizabeth and the Gardiners visit again. They have a pleasant time, even though Caroline Bingley repeatedly tries to embarrass Elizabeth.

Chapters 46-49:
Elizabeth receives two letters from Jane in which she says that Lydia has eloped with Wickham, and that it is unclear whether or not they are married, threatening ruin for Lydia and the entire family. Elizabeth tells Mr. Darcy and then leaves with her aunt and uncle to return home. Both Mr. Gardiner and Mr. Bennet go to London to try to find the couple. After many unsuccessful attempts, Mr. Bennet returns home; he then receives a letter from Mr. Gardiner that says he has found the couple. Wickham agrees to marry Lydia if the Bennets provide a small income. Mr. Bennet surmises that Mr. Gardiner must have paid Wickham a large sum in order to achieve this outcome.

Chapters 50-53:
Lydia and Wickham visit the Bennets before moving north, where he has taken a commission. The visit is very unpleasant. Lydia accidentally tells Elizabeth that Mr. Darcy attended their wedding. Elizabeth writes to her aunt Gardiner asking for more details about the wedding. She soon replies and tells Elizabeth that Mr. Darcy not only found Lydia and Wickham, but also paid Wickham the money he wanted in exchange for marrying Lydia. Elizabeth is extremely surprised and does not know what this means for her relationship with Mr. Darcy. Mr. Bingley and Mr. Darcy return to Netherfield and visit the Bennets.

Chapters 54-57:
Mr. Darcy and Mr. Bingley come to the Bennets' house for dinner. Mr. Darcy does not attempt to speak to Elizabeth, so she assumes that he will probably not ask her to marry him again, although she wishes that he would. Mr. Bingley comes alone to dinner and asks Jane to marry him. She accepts. Lady Catherine de Bourgh makes a surprise visit to the Bennets' house in order to determine whether a rumor she has heard, that Elizabeth and Darcy are engaged, is true. Although Elizabeth tells her it is not true, she will not promise Lady Catherine never to accept a proposal from Mr. Darcy.

Chapters 58-61:
After Lady Catherine's visit, Mr. Bingley and Mr. Darcy go for a walk with the Bennet sisters. Elizabeth and Mr. Darcy soon fall behind and she takes the opportunity to thank him for what he did for Lydia. Mr. Darcy responds that he did it for her, and that he still loves her. He asks her to marry him and Elizabeth accepts, saying that her feelings for him have completely changed. All of the Bennets are shocked to discover that Elizabeth and Mr. Darcy are engaged, but both Jane and Mr. Bennet soon realize that Elizabeth is in love with Mr. Darcy. Jane and Mr. Bingley buy a house near Pemberley, where Elizabeth and Mr. Darcy are happily married.

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